Kiel Germany History

Since its foundation in the 18th century, Kiel has been the capital of the Duchy of Holstein, which was allied with numerous smaller German states. Once a small port, it has developed into one of Germany's most important economic and cultural centres and houses a number of maritime themed attractions such as the Schleswig-Holstein Maritime Museum. The German military conquests, which took over the territory of Denmark, the borders of Schleiwis and Holstein, fluctuated somewhat. Here you can cheer at the regatta "Kieler Woche," marvel at Nazi submarines from the war era or experience the annual Bundesfest - the largest maritime festival in Germany - in its entirety.

With the founding of the German Empire in 1871, the Schleswig-Holstein question was narrowed down to a competition between Germany, Denmark and the north of Schleswig. The northern part of northern Schleswig thus became Denmark, the southern part became Germany. The result was that the "Danish-German border" in Schlingwig is no longer controversial and still exists today.

After the war between Denmark and Germany, Kiel became part of the Prussian Kingdom and was administered by both Prussia and Austria. Schleswig-Holstein was at that time at war over the newly won territory, and after the end of the First World War and the founding of Germany as the German Reich, Schlewig and Holstein became Prussia in 1871. After the Danish-German wars it was reunited with Denmark, but after the war with Denmark and Germany it became part of the Prussian kingdom. During the wars between the Danes and Germans, the Schledwig-Holsteins, in which Schlingwig was annexed to Germany and then to the Reichsbank, Schlaubach and Schlerkheim in Germany. Before the war between Copenhagen and Denmark (1866 - 1868) it had become part of the Kingdom of Prussia. Since the war against Denmark / Germany Keliel was again responsible for his own territory and was put into the administration of Prismas Austria and after wars with Denmark or Germany.

Germany's national feelings aroused by the Napoleonic Wars, and the historical political ties between Schleswig and Holstein, suggested that the two regions should form a single state in the German Confederation. National feeling in Germany and after the Second World War the modern German state Schlewig-Holenstein became part of the Federal Republic of Germany, under the control of Prussia and the Prussian Empire. After the end of the Second World War, the "German" parts of Schleswig-Holstein joined forces in 1945 to form the "Federal Republic" of Germany.

The shipyard was renamed the Imperial Shipyard Kiel in 1871 after the proclamation of the German Empire and a naval arsenal was planned at the same location. Thousands of Hitler youth and girls listened to Hitler's speech on the day of the state election in Kiel and found new strength. At the meeting, the members of the "Hitler Youth" in Schleswig-Holstein knew that they were revolutionaries, but they nevertheless showed iron discipline. They were recruited from Plauen, Vogtland, Annaberg, Erzgebirge and Chemnitz for the event and integrated into a new youth movement, the "Kelser Jungvolk."

In 1871 Kiel became the imperial war port and controlled the largest man-made waterway in the world when its Kiel Canal was opened, connecting the Baltic and North Seas through it. The Schleswig-Holstein Canal was built to use the waterways of the Levensau and Eider. In 1872 the Schlewig-Holstein Canals along the Oder and the Rhineland-Palatinate were built, in 1873 also in Kelser, using the waterways provided by both. On the west side, it is also controlled by the world's largest man-made waterways.

When World War II was over in 1945, 80% of Kiel was in ruins, but the location of the war port has left its mark. The purpose of the building, erected to commemorate the fallen of World War I, was to bring thousands of Germans to an end and to end the cold waters of the North Atlantic during the Cold War as the site of one of Germany's most important military bases.

This morning the damaged Emden was towed from its original location on the west side of the city south of Kiel.

The Emden was damaged by a near-bomb of an allied aircraft and suffered damage to the funnel and some other fuselage parts. During the night of 14 to 15 September 1944, the Emden was hit by an Allied air bomb, destroying its funnel, and on the morning of 17 October 1944, it was damaged again by an Allied aircraft.

Photo postcards showing the German Air Force flying schools during World War II. The postcard was published during World War II, but it was shown as an aerial reconnaissance during World War II.

Kiel's location on the Baltic Sea has made it an important naval base for the German Navy for over a century, which still maintains a small naval base there and houses one of the largest naval bases in the world and the second largest in Europe. Due to its strategic importance to Germany, it has been the scene of a number of important naval battles, from World War II to the Cold War and the Korean War.

More About Kiel

More About Kiel